Leo Labaj

Director of Critical Infrastructure Protection

With over 40 years of government and commercial experience, Mr. Labaj is a veteran of the U.S. Navy, the Air National Guard and the Central Intelligence Agency. He has managed research and development programs and applied science projects for the Department of Defense, the Department of Energy, the Intelligence Community, and federal, state and local law enforcement agencies.

While at the CIA, Mr. Labaj developed and implemented the Defense Against Terrorism Survey, a vulnerability assessment methodology used to assess security at borders, high threat residences and facilities and over 100 international airports. Mr. Labaj also served on the Federal Aviation Administration's Blue Ribbon Panel on Airport Security and Vulnerability Assessment, and implemented and managed the FAA's National Safe Skies Team Security Screening Test Bed.

He has also served as a member of the Nuclear Emergency Search Team (NEST) Access Working Group and participated in a number of professional and technical organizations, including the Defense Department’s Technical Support Working Group, the American Defense Preparedness Association, the International Association of Bomb Technicians and Investigators, and the Joint Service Small Arms Program.

Now available… the definitive book on the CARVER Methodology, written by retired CIA paramilitary explosives expert and CARVER co-founder, Leo Labaj!


Luke Bencie discusses the SMI CARVER Training Course





The CARVER Target Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment™ training course, offered by Security Management International, is an interactive three-day course on conducting facility threat and vulnerability assessments. CARVER is a nationally recognized target analysis and vulnerability assessment methodology used extensively by the military, intelligence and law enforcement community and the Department of Homeland Security in its Automated Critical Asset Management System. 

CARVER identifies assets most attractive to attack by an adversary based upon key factors:
  • Criticality – Single points of failure and degree of importance to system operations.
  • Accessibility – Ease of access to critical assets.
  • Recoverability – The time and effort to recover system operations after an adverse event.
  • Vulnerability – Level of exposure to attack based on adversary capability.
  • Effect – Magnitude of adverse consequences resulting from malicious actions and subsequent responses.
  • Recognizability– Likelihood that potential adversaries would recognize that an asset is critical.

Past Performance: What Previous Attendees Said About This Workshop

"Just wanted to let you know that Mr. Labaj conducted an excellent class that was very well received by all. Several members of the class had recently attended another Vulnerability Assessment class, and everyone agreed that this was a 100 times better. In fact, one of my officers stated 'I learned more in 15 minutes in this class than I did in two days from the other course' Thanks again for your prompt and professional service, I am looking forward to working with you in the future 
- Bruce Barnes, CPP, MA Ed Director, Physical Security and Emergency Management NV Energy

"This course brings all walks of security together; it provides a wealth of experience to bear on how this methodology can be applied. The field work was eye opening." 
- Robert Hargesheimer, US Navy, Site Installation Manager

"Loved the interaction of students and instructors. Varied attendees gave many points of view and shared experiences." 
- Henry Britt, The Response Group

"Valuable class. Provided a good mix of backgrounds and experience and presented material in a manner that was great for novices and pros alike." 
- J. Phil Harmon, Washington Group International, Manager, Red Team Operations

"Excellent course for developing a fundamental understanding of the Carver Target Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment Process." 
- Kevin Nowak, U.S. Department of Energy, Security Specialist

"Great course! Exceeds expectations and professional requirement. The training will have a positive and dynamic impact." 
- Mark. K Gerwig, NSWC Crane, EOD Project Specialist

"Worth every penny! There are no other courses available that teach the fundamentals of doing a TA and VA." 
- Tracy DeWitt, Southwest Tennessee Community College, Adjunct Faculty

2018 CARVER Target Analysis & Vulnerability Assessment™ Training
On-Site at Your Location

"The CARVER Target Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment training course" can be specially designed for your organization, and presented at your facility worldwide. Please call us today at 703-893-8000 for a price quote. 
Note: SMI recommends the On-Site option if you are training four or more employees. If you are planning to train less than four employees, SMI recommends attending one of our quarterly courses held in Vienna, Virginia.


Recent students out of the classroom and conducting a CARVER target analysis and vulnerability assessment in the field!

CARVER Classroom.jpg
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For help registering, call 703-893-8000 or email training@smiconsultancy.com.


Module 1

Module 2

Module 3

Module 4

Module 4a

Module 5

Module 6

Module 6a

Module 6b

Module 7

Module 8

VA/TA Practical Exercise Field Exercise



8000 Towers Crescent Dr.
Suite 1350, Vienna,
VA 22182 United States

Telephone : (703) 893-8000


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